Grasslands of the World

Grasslands are the large continuous regions having different types of grasses with either no trees or negligible presence of trees. These grasslands of the world are one of the largest biomes of the world. Steppe is the largest grassland in the world. Types of Grasslands There are two types of grasslands i.e. temperate grasslands and … Read more

Types of Resolution in Remote Sensing

In Remote Sensing, the image resolution refers to the amount of information available in a satellite imagery. There is four types of resolution in satellite imageries i.e. Spatial, Spectral, Radiometric and Temporal resolutions. These four types of resolution in remote sensing determine the amount and quality of information in an imagery. 1. Spatial Resolution Spatial … Read more

Types of Satellite Imagery

Satellite imagery is the most popular tool in the modern world to assess and analyze a large piece of earth’s surface. Most researchers and students of spatial sciences use this tool for monitoring land use, land cover change, climate change, weather forecast, disaster management and other environmental change. Therefore, a beginner needs to know different … Read more

Types of Aerial Photography

In the¬†Introduction to Aerial Photography, we discussed the basic concept of aerial photography along with its characteristics, advantages and uses. However, aerial photographs are of various types. Different types of photographs have different merits and demerits. Hence, a researcher must know the various types of aerial photography to be able to use aerial photos according … Read more

Introduction to Aerial Photography

Aerial photography is the science and technology of capturing photos of the land surface from any flying object such as airplane, helicopter, drone etc. Gaspar Felix Tournachon was first first person to capture an aerial photograph in 1858 from an air balloon. However, Talbert Abrams is known as the father of Aerial Photography. He was … Read more

Relevance and Criticism of Industrial Location Theory

Alfred Weber, a pioneer of locational analysis in Geography, introduced the Theory of Industrial Location in 1909. Weber combined economic parameters with spatial parameters to arrive at a profitable location for industries. It is also known as Least Cost Theory because this theory tries to find a location of least cost for an industrial location. … Read more

Weber’s Theory of Industrial Location

Alfred Weber is considered one of the pioneers of locational analysis in Geography. He gave his theory of industrial location in 1909. Weber’s theory of industrial location is a beautiful example of combining economic parameters with spatial parameters to arrive at a profitable location for industries. It is also known as Least Cost Theory because … Read more

Gravity Model of Migration: W.J. Reilly and G.K. Zipf

In the 1950s, Geographers and Demographers were increasingly attracted to methods of positivist sciences such as physics and mathematics. Therefore, they used different theories and models of these sciences in their own field to gain validation from the scientific community. This paradigm in social sciences is known as quantitative revolution. The Gravity Model of Migration … Read more

Theory of Intervening Opportunities by S.A. Stouffer

Samuel A. Stouffer gave the theory of intervening opportunities in his work “Intervening Opportunities: A Theory Relating Mobility and Distance” in 1940. This theory shows that the nature of geographic space is more important than the distance in determining migration behavior. According to Ravenstein’s Laws, distance is the most important factor in determining the migration … Read more