Relevance and Criticism of Industrial Location Theory

Alfred Weber, a pioneer of locational analysis in Geography, introduced the Theory of Industrial Location in 1909. Weber combined economic parameters with spatial parameters to arrive at a profitable location for industries. It is also known as Least Cost Theory because this theory tries to find a location of least cost for an industrial location. … Read more

Weber’s Theory of Industrial Location

Alfred Weber is considered one of the pioneers of locational analysis in Geography. He gave his theory of industrial location in 1909. Weber’s theory of industrial location is a beautiful example of combining economic parameters with spatial parameters to arrive at a profitable location for industries. It is also known as Least Cost Theory because … Read more

Core-Periphery Model by Friedman

John Friedman was an urban theorist and founding figure of the Department of Urban Planning at the UCLA Luskin School of Public Affairs. He propounded the core-periphery model of regional development in the year 1966. The Core-Periphery Model by Friedman shows the process of economic growth and urban development in time and space.  Basic Idea … Read more

Weaver’s Crop Combination Method

J. C. Weaver’s crop combination method is one of the simplest and the most objective techniques to delineate agricultural regions. What is Crop Combination Crop combination refers to the most dominant group of crops which are being cultivated in a region for a particular time period (mostly year). The basic idea of Weaver’s method is … Read more

Unbalanced Growth Theory by Albert Hirschman

In unbalanced growth theory, Hirschman argued that certain places are naturally endowed with natural resources whereas some places are resource scarce. Therefore, it is inevitable that the growth will take place at fewer places. Hence, he believed that the process of growth is intrinsically unbalanced unlike Gunnar Myrdal’s Theory. Similarity to Cumulative Causation Theory Hirschman’s … Read more

Cumulative Causation Theory by Gunnar Myrdal

The inception of process of regional development has remained a mystery for most of the development economists. Perroux and Boudeville’s have given their ideas regarding regional development in form of Growth Pole Theory. Similarly, Gunnar Myrdal also gave his cumulative causation theory for explaining the process of regional development. In Simple Words Gunnar Myrdal was … Read more

Economic Growth Vs Development

The economic growth vs development is an old debate among the economists and regional planners. Some of them prefer economic growth while others prefer economic development. As a layman, you must have heard these terms in reference to the state of economy in a India or other countries. People use these terms as synonyms. However, … Read more

What is a Region and Its Types

Definition of Region A student often wonders, what is a region! In simple words, a region is a homogenous and sustainable spatial unit having distinguished characteristics differentiating it from the other spatial unit. In addition, a planning region is a portion of territory over which economic decisions, made by government, can be applied for economic … Read more

Difference Between Net Sown Area and Gross Cropped Area

Net Sown Area and Gross Cropped Area are two concepts which are used repeatedly to indicate the intensity of land use in agricultural sector. What is Net Sown Area? It is total area which is cultivated in an agricultural year. For instance, assume that the total land in a country is 100²Kms and 45²Kms. out … Read more

R.P. Mishra’s Growth Foci Model

R.P. Mishra gave his growth foci model in response to ideas of Perroux. Growth pole theory by Perroux was widely adopted by western scholars of his time. Boudeville tried to add spatial dimension to this theory but did not take into consideration that elaborate process of trickle down. R.P. Mishra, an Indian Geographer realized that … Read more