Rural-Urban Continuum

The concept of Rural-Urban Continuum has been given by R.E. Pahl. This concept refers to the gradation of life between urban and rural areas. We use the word ‘continuum’ when there is no strict boundary between two areas. Therefore, rural-urban continuum denotes that there is no clear and distinct boundary between rural and urban areas’ … Read more

Social Well-Being and Quality of Life

In another article, we have discussed the concept of Social Well Being in Geography. We concluded that social well being is a very generic concept and its perception varies from person to person. Therefore, the social scientists have come up with a new concept i.e. Quality of Life (QOL). They argue that the the social … Read more

Social Well Being in Geography

Social well being in Geography came to prominence during 1970s as a result of relevance movement. During 1970s, the most deprived groups in society, such as blacks, Hispanics, poor, disabled, sexual minorities and religious minorities etc., started political movements against those laws which hampered them from leading a dignified life. In response to this political … Read more

Where is it Six Months of Day and Night?

All of us know that earth rotates around its axis in 24 hours which, generally, contains 12 hours of daylight and 12 hours of night. The length of day and night varies, seasonally. The days become longer during the summer months and shorter during the winter months. However, there are two regions on earth which … Read more

Inequality Adjusted HDI

Human Development Index (HDI) is an index developed by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) of UNO to measure the overall development of countries. However, this index ignores the socio-economic inequalities within a country. Therefore, UNDP came up with a new method to calculate HDI that is Inequality Adjusted HDI (IHDI). IHDI has been calculated … Read more

How to Calculate Human Development Index?

Human Development Index (HDI) is an index developed by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) of UNO to measure the overall development among the countries, states or communities of this world. This index is based on the work of Mehbub Ul Haq and Amartya Sen. There are three key indicator of HDI i.e. Health, Education … Read more

Unbalanced Growth Theory by Albert Hirschman

In unbalanced growth theory, Hirschman argued that certain places are naturally endowed with natural resources whereas some places are resource scarce. Therefore, it is inevitable that the growth will take place at fewer places. Hence, he believed that the process of growth is intrinsically unbalanced unlike Gunnar Myrdal’s Theory. Similarity to Cumulative Causation Theory Hirschman’s … Read more

Cumulative Causation Theory by Gunnar Myrdal

The inception of process of regional development has remained a mystery for most of the development economists. Perroux and Boudeville’s have given their ideas regarding regional development in form of Growth Pole Theory. Similarly, Gunnar Myrdal also gave his cumulative causation theory for explaining the process of regional development. In Simple Words Gunnar Myrdal was … Read more

Economic Growth Vs Development

The economic growth vs development is an old debate among the economists and regional planners. Some of them prefer economic growth while others prefer economic development. As a layman, you must have heard these terms in reference to the state of economy in a India or other countries. People use these terms as synonyms. However, … Read more

What is a Region and Its Types

Definition of Region A student often wonders, what is a region! In simple words, a region is a homogenous and sustainable spatial unit having distinguished characteristics differentiating it from the other spatial unit. In addition, a planning region is a portion of territory over which economic decisions, made by government, can be applied for economic … Read more